October 20, 2017

Monday Open Thread: The African American Struggle for Education Equality

Good Morning POU!

Today we honor those who lost their lives while serving in the Armed Forces.


This week, our topic will be the African American communities struggle to gain the rights to education. This being a holiday dedicated to the men and women in uniform who sacrificed it all, we will start with those who were able to come home, only to be treated as second class citizens.

African Americans and the G.I. Bill

blacksoldiers and gi bill

This is of particular interest to me as my father benefited from the G.I. Bill after serving in the U.S. Army. I know what the bill meant to my family, and sadly, I know the benefits gained by the bill for black soldiers was nothing close to what it did for their white counterparts. When people ask “but what reparations”, or bemoan affirmative action as “unfair”, or wonder what type of programs do black people think the government can provide to lift up our communities from cycles of oppression….just point to the G.I. Bill, that was created to help white soldiers and expand the white middle class.

GI Bill of Rights

Following the second World War, the G.I. Bill of Rights (or, “G.I. bill”) greatly expanded the population of African Americans attending college and graduate school, forming a “crack in the wall of racism that had surrounded the American university system.”

Due to the prevailing social climate that existed in the United States after World War II, one in which racism was a prominent factor, African Americans did not benefit from the provisions of the G. I. Bill nearly as much as their European American counterparts. Though the bill did provide a more level playing field than the one blacks faced during Reconstruction, this is not saying much. Representative John Elliott Rankin, who was also an avid segregationist and racist, sponsored the bill in the House of Representatives. Although the law did not specifically advocate discrimination, the social climate of the time dictated that the law would be interpreted differently for blacks than for whites.

Not only did blacks face discrimination once they returned home after the war, the poverty confronting most blacks during the 1940s and 1950s represented another barrier to harnessing the benefits of the G.I. Bill as it made it problematic to seek an education while labor and income were needed at home. The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), because of its strong affiliation to the all-white American Legion and VFW (Veterans of Foreign Wars), also became a formidable foe to many blacks in search of an education because it had the power to deny or grant the claims of black G.I.s. Additionally, banks and mortgage agencies refused loans to blacks, making the G.I. Bill even less effective for blacks.

The black middle class failed to keep pace with the white middle class because blacks had fewer opportunities to earn college degrees. In addition to the other obstacles, gaining admission to universities was no easy task for blacks on the G.I. Bill. Most universities had segregationist principles underlying their admissions policies, utilizing either official or unofficial quotas. Even if they could gain admission to universities, public education was in such a poor state for blacks that many of them were not adequately prepared for college level work. Those blacks that were prepared for college level work and gained admission to predominantly white universities still experienced racism on campus.

By 1946, only one fifth of the 100,000 blacks who had applied for educational benefits had been registered in college. Furthermore, historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) came under increased pressure as rising enrollments and strained resources forced them to turn away an estimated 20,000 veterans. HBCUs were already the poorest colleges, resting at the bottom of the educational hierarchy, and served, to most whites, only to keep blacks out of white colleges. The HBCUs resources were stretched even thinner when veterans’ demands necessitated a shift in the curriculum away from the traditional “preach and teach” course of study offered by the HBCUs.

The G.I. Bill touched so much more than just college tuition though. This was the most transformative bill of the 20th Century. The bill provided home loans, job training and other programs to specifically insist returning soldiers – returning white soldiers.

From the New York Times:

Ira Katznelson (author of When Affirmative Action Was White’: Uncivil Rights) wrote his harshest criticism for the unfair application of the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act, known as the G.I. Bill of Rights, a series of programs that poured $95 billion into expanding opportunity for soldiers returning from World War II. Over all, the G.I. Bill was a dramatic success, helping 16 million veterans attend college, receive job training, start businesses and purchase their first homes. Half a century later, President Clinton praised the G.I. Bill as ”the best deal ever made by Uncle Sam,” and said it ”helped to unleash a prosperity never before known.”

But Katznelson demonstrates that African-American veterans received significantly less help from the G.I. Bill than their white counterparts. ”Written under Southern auspices,” he reports, ”the law was deliberately designed to accommodate Jim Crow.”


He cites one 1940′s study that concluded it was ”as though the G.I. Bill had been earmarked ‘For White Veterans Only.’ ” Southern Congressional leaders made certain that the programs were directed not by Washington but by local white officials, businessmen, bankers and college administrators who would honor past practices. As a result, thousands of black veterans in the South — and the North as well — were denied housing and business loans, as well as admission to whites-only colleges and universities. They were also excluded from job-training programs for careers in promising new fields like radio and electrical work, commercial photography and mechanics. Instead, most African-Americans were channeled toward traditional, low-paying ”black jobs” and small black colleges, which were pitifully underfinanced and ill equipped to meet the needs of a surging enrollment of returning soldiers.

Though blacks encountered many obstacles in their pursuit of the benefits offered by the G.I. Bill, there were positive aspects of the law for the African American community as well. The bill greatly expanded the population of African Americans attending college and graduate school. In 1940, enrollment at Black colleges was 1.08% of total U.S. college enrollment. By 1950 it had increased to 3.6%. Additionally, the bill led to the passage of the Lanham Act of 1946, which provided for the federal funding of improvement and expansion of HBCUs.

As Hilary Herbold writes, “Clearly, the G.I. Bill was a crack in the wall of racism that had surrounded the American university system. It forced predominantly white colleges to allow a larger number of blacks to enroll, contributed to a more diverse curriculum at many HBCUs, and helped provide a foundation for the gradual growth of the black middle class.” Not only did the G.I. Bill provide the foundation for the black middle class, it educated the generation of African Americans who would help spearhead the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.

  • crazycanuck

    Good Morning POU, hope everyone has a nice relaxing Memorial Day.

    • GreenLadyHere

      GOOD MEMORIAL DAY MORNTIN’ crazycanuck :>) ***BIG HUG** —-Wishing U the same. – –B BLESSED ♥ :>)

    • Mornin’ CC, GLH and POU!

      Shout out to all the POU Vets, and Thank You for your service!

      • goldenstar

        And, Good Morning to you!

    • rikyrah

      Morning cc and POU!

      • goldenstar

        Good Memorial Day Morning!

    • goldenstar

      Good Morning!

    • Alma98

      Good morning cc.

    • Alma98

      Good morning cc.

    • qosine

      Good Morning, cc!

  • GreenLadyHere


    – – —THANK U Miranda♥ –4 the Information on the G.I Bill. My Brother [NAVY] has told me of some of the “struggles” that he went through –trying 2 access services. BUT – -this information is more comprehensive. –B BLESSED♥ :>)

    – – – — –☻IN “Da STRUGGLE”: – – – –
    — – – — – – – -☺.just point to the G.I. Bill, that was created to help white soldiers and expand the white middle class. – – -another barrier to harnessing the benefits of the G.I. Bill as it made
    it problematic to seek an education while labor and income were needed at home. —VFW (Veterans of Foreign Wars), also became a formidable foe to many blacks in search of an education because it had the power to deny or grant the claims of black G.I.s.

    — – —— – – -☺FINALLY —Some RELIEF: —Not only did the G.I. Bill provide the foundation for the black middle class, it educated the generation of African Americans who would help spearhead the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.

    – —–☻ENJOY♥ —http://chefkey.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/memorial-day-waffles.jpg

    — —–B BLESSED♥ – — -With THANKS.♥ – –AMEN♥ – –

    – — —☺http://www.happyholidays2014.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/memorial-day-2014-wallpapers-images-pictures-2.jpg

    • Alma98

      Good morning GLH and a Good Memorial Day to you too.
      Blessings to you and the family.

      • GreenLadyHere

        – -Good MEMORIAL Day MornTin’ Alma98 —-***BIG HUG*** :>)- – – –

        —–Thank U ALWAYS 4 the BLESSINGS. :>)
        Annnd 2 U♥/Family —WHO SERVE :>) —-

        Goin’ 2 visit –Your –Mr. SUN. :>) – -B BLESSED♥ :>)

        • Alma98


    • Alma98

      Good morning GLH and a Good Memorial Day to you too.
      Blessings to you and the family.

  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥ — -Awww. . . A SWEET Family –SHARE – – – -:>)

    – —☺@NoShock[THANK U sooo MUCH♥]
    You can’t get them started too young! 🙂 #GrandBabiesRTheBest pic.twitter.com/22P70wQYOy

    —BLESS ALL♥ —:>)

    • rikyrah

      they are so adorable 🙂

  • rikyrah

    Good Morning, Everyone 🙂

    Thank you to all our Veterans and those still serving and their families!

    • Alma98

      Good morning rikyrah 🙂

    • Alma98

      Good morning rikyrah 🙂

  • Miranda
    • Admiral_Komack

      He’s right.

    • isonprize

      Didn’t I say this?… Sigh….

  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥ —-FROM MR. PRESIDENT♥/FIRST LADY♥ :>)
    – – – — —President Obama Issues Memorial Day Proclamation

    — ☺FROM a Previous year: —☺http://cdn.ph.upi.com/collection/fp/upi/8016/9903a828139a1c6067b2355fa93a419c/President-Obama-lays-wreath-at-Kennedy-gravesite_3_1.jpg
    — – —♦http://s.wsj.net/public/resources/images/BN-AI794_obama_G_20131111122234.jpg

    – – –Looking FORWARD —within the hour. AMEN♥ —BLESS U 2♥

  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥- –A REPOST [From another POU FAM♥] –TWEETIN’ — -TRUTH — –
    – – —☺@NerdyWonka[THANK U♥]

    First #MemorialDay was created by African-Americans to honor Union soldiers who fought & died. http://www.charlestonchronicle.net/83047/2152/first-memorial-day-created-by-blacks-here-in-hampton-park … pic.twitter.com/tGicKYz61n

  • GreenLadyHere


    – – –http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2639195/All-SIX-virgin-killers-victims-named-two-roommates-student-friend-visiting-two-sorority-sisters-male-sophomore-gunned-deli.html

    – – —☺http://i9.glitter-graphics.org/pub/1530/1530009g4tz9sbbum.jpg

    —- — –☺http://www.allgraphics123.com/graphics/sympathy/sympathy04.gif
    – –AMEN♥

  • Miranda

    Insurers Once on the Fence Plan to Join Health Exchanges in ’15
    By REED ABELSON MAY 25, 2014

    In a sign of the growing potential under the federal health care law, several insurers that have been sitting on the sidelines say they will sell policies on the new exchanges in the coming year, and others plan to expand their offerings to more states.

    “Insurers continue to see this as a good business opportunity,” said Larry Levitt, a health policy expert at the Kaiser Family Foundation. “They see it as an attractive market, with enrollment expected to ramp up in the second year.” Eight million people have signed up for coverage in 2014, and estimates put next year’s enrollment around 13 million.

    In New Hampshire, for example, where Anthem Blue Cross is the only insurer offering individual coverage on the state exchange, two other plans, both from Massachusetts, say they intend to offer policies next year. Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, a nonprofit insurer with 1.2 million members, said it expected to participate in the exchanges in both New Hampshire and Maine for the first time and to add Connecticut to the mix in 2016.

    more here: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/26/your-money/health-insurance/insurers-once-on-the-fence-plan-to-join-health-exchanges-in-15.html?smid=tw-share&_r=1

    • jds09

      I’m no economist, but I remember from Econ 101, more competitors means prices will drop. In 2014, election day is early November and the next round of open enrollment is mid-November. GOTV will be based upon folks protecting their healthcare from grubby Republican hands. Genius.

  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥- – – –ACA POSITIVITY♥ —:>)

    – – –☺@TheObamaDiary[THANK U♥]
    ‘This is why I support #Obamacare’ pic.twitter.com/3wiIof4tMf

    – – – –“The ACA —SAVED —MY LIFE! ” :>) —

  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥ —STILL waitin’ – -4 the —NRA[CISTS] – —2 respond 2 THIS TRUTH — –

    – —☺@shannonrwatts[THANK U♥]
    California laws kept killer from getting assault rifle w/50 round magazine: http://nydn.us/1jmDeZe #MomsDemand #NRA pic.twitter.com/e0EWddJWm5

    – – — -RIHEP♥ – – -2 ALL GUN VICTIMS. – –AMEN♥-

    – – NRA[CISTS]—***crickets***

  • Alma98

    Good morning all and thank you to all those who have served and are serving their country. My uncles never reaped any of the rewards from the GI bill. They were told there was nothing left for them which we know was a lie. My last uncle who served died a few years ago. Although he and his brothers were treated like 3rd class citizens by this country he was proud to have served. A Memorial day sun today.

    • GreenLadyHere

      GOOD MEMORIAL DAY MornTin’ Alma98. —***BIG – – -THANK U –HUG*** :>) —Thank U 4 This –Lovely –“SUNBURST”. – –Sooo APPROPRIATE for 2-Day♥

      – — -Sooo sorry 2 hear of this situation. – —BLESS THEM 4 SERVING. AMEN♥ —

      – – – -☺http://www.sundaycouponpreview.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/memorial-day-thank-you-300×174.jpg

    • goldenstar

      Good Morning, Alma. Thanks for sharing your uncles’ stories. May their remembrance today be a reminder of their courage and dedication so that we may commit to stand in their truth.

      • Alma98

        Morning goldenstar, thank you for the wonderful comment.

    • qosine

      Good Morning, Alma.
      I echo what goldenstar said so well.

      • Alma98

        Good morning qosine! Thank you.

    • rikyrah

      Good Afternoon, Alma.

      Thank you for this remembrance of those who served this country that did not respect them.

      • Alma98

        Good afternoon rikyrah.
        My pleasure.

  • Alma98

    Good morning all and thank you to all those who have served and are serving their country. My uncles never reaped any of the rewards from the GI bill. They were told there was nothing left for them which we know was a lie. My last uncle who served died a few years ago. Although he and his brothers were treated like 3rd class citizens by this country he was proud to have served. A Memorial day sun today.

  • GreenLadyHere

    — -☺http://www.c-span.org/video/?319510-1/memorial-day-observance
    — – —May 26, 2014—
    Memorial Day Observance

    – – –ON NOW. ♥

  • jds09

    Good Morning Everybody!

    • Alma98

      Good morning jds!

    • GreenLadyHere

      Good MEMORIAL DAY MORNTIN’ jds09 :>) — -***BIG —Cali –HUG** :>)

      B BLESSED 2-day. :>)

    • goldenstar

      Good Morning.

    • qosine

      Good Morning, jds!

  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥- — –As WE COMMEND THEIR♥ SERVICE: — —

    – —Military history of African Americans– –
    — – – —The Military history of African Americans spans from the arrival of the first black slaves during the colonial history of the United States to the present day. There has been no war fought by or within the United States in which African Americans did not participate, including the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War, the Civil War, the Spanish American War, the World Wars, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the Gulf War, and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as other minor conflicts.

  • goldenstar

    Am listening to PBO speak. The Obamas’ White House makes this Memorial Day commemoration so human. FLOTUS and Jill Biden are sitting with children whose have lost their parents. PBO spoke about one family of young girls who lost their dad. They are sitting next to FLOTUS and one is crying and being comforted by her. Mrs. Gantt, 94 years old, was honored by a standing ovation for her commitment and love to her beloved whose remains were returned this year.

    Wow, just wow. The Obamas understand and they see all of us.

    • qosine

      It felt so intimate, warm, and real, just like you said goldenstar.
      “The Obamas understand and they see all of us.” — yes, yes.

    • rikyrah

      you are absolutely on point.

  • qosine

    Good Morning, everyone. Thank you for everyone who has served
    and are serving our country so well.

  • GreenLadyHere

    — Miranda♥- – – -From MR. PRESIDENT♥ — –

    – – —☺@NoShock[THANK U♥]
    Today is a day to remember America’s Heroes pic.twitter.com/RC4R1JGkpn
    – –AMEN♥

  • Alma98
    • Miranda

      And 19 voted to keep the name…. smh

    • Well, dayum! Reminds me of Rick Perry’s “Nigger Ranch”.

  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥ – – -HONORING -the “COMMANDER -In-CHIEF♥ —

    – – — -☺@TheObamaDiary[THANK U♥]

    Military personnel salute Air Force One at Andrews this morning upon President Obama’s return from Afghanistan pic.twitter.com/LCfTrXzPm2

    BLESS annnd THANK U – -SIR♥ :>)

  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥- – –Oh —WE WATCHIN’ – –4 JUSTICE!!! – –
    – – –☺http://i708.photobucket.com/albums/ww88/mshadowv1/tanishaGIF4.gif

    – – –☺http://blackamericaweb.com/2014/05/26/pistorius-arrives-at-psychiatric-hospital/


    – – –RIHEP♥ — -Reeva ♥ —AMEN♥ —

  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥ – – -A SWEET —Mr. PETE —TWEET – –:>)

    —☺@petesouza[THANK U♥]
    Great having @BradPaisley travel w us to Afghanistan. He even helped sing Happy Birthday to Air Force staffer. pic.twitter.com/N0OF7l2Vhi


    • I hope Brad didn’t sing “Accidental Racist”.

      • GreenLadyHere

        GOOD MEMORIAL Day — Sepia♥ –:>) ***BIG HUG** :>) – — **BIG fist bump**

        ACTUALLY — -I was surprised that he was there.
        –Annnd I hesitated 2 post this —EXCEPT 4 MR.PRESIDENT’s recognition. – — ***sigh*** :>)

        — –☺http://i5.glitter-graphics.org/pub/1042/1042945df2pu16zbv.gif B BLESSED♥– -:>)

  • GreenLadyHere


    – — –This Day in Black History: May 26, 1956– – –
    — – – —On May 26, 1956, tennis legend Althea Gibson
    won the French Open championship, becoming the first African-American woman to win a major tennis championship. She is noted for breaking the color barrier in the sport and her accomplishments include winning the U.S. Open, Wimbledon and the Australian doubles during the 1950s.

    Gibson also dabbled in golf, becoming the first African-American woman to join the Ladies Professional Golf Association tour in 1964. After retiring from golf in 1978, she taught as a tennis instructor. On Sept. 28, 2003, she passed away from illness at the age of 76.

    — – – –☺http://espn.go.com/video/clip?id=8970149
    — – – – —-☺http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wrpNlpu6ix0
    ——- — ☺http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uibt9CBWDuI


  • GreenLadyHere


    — –☺Ruth A. Lucas became the first Black woman to be promoted to Colonel in the U.S. Air Force on this date in 1968.

    — — —-☺http://www.nbcwashington.com/video/#!/news/local/Remembering-the-USAFs-First-Black-Female-Colonel/209086141

    — — –This Memorial Day, friends and family remember a local woman who was the first black female colonel in the U.S. Air Force.

    —–☺CONGRATULATIONS♥ – –WE R PROUD of U♥ –http://media.meme4u.com/ecards/holidays/memorial-day/1431-thank-you.jpg THANK U 4 YOUR SERVICE♥ :>)

  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥—–A MEMORIAL DAY TRIBUTE♥ – –

    – – —☺http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2RwRi2TjA0
    — –Memorial Day 2014 – Freedom Isn’t Free! — -AMEN♥

    — — – — -☺http://www.memorialday-pictures.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/memorial-day-quotes-with-images-2014.jpg

    — —–THANK U♥—

  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥- — -Dear “MOTHER” was HONORED by. MR. PRESIDENT♥– –
    A picture of grief: The heart-wrenching moment a widow, 94, is finally reunited with the remains of her Korean War POW husband 63 YEARS after his death

    – —- –More than 60 years after Army Sgt. 1st Class Joseph E. Gantt went missing in action during the Korean War, his remains were returned to his widow in a solemn dawn ceremony yesterday.

    Clara Gantt, 94, wept as she stood in the cold before the flag-draped casket that was carried from a jetliner by military honor guard at Los Angeles International Airport.

    ‘He told me if anything happened to him he wanted me to remarry. I told him no, no. Here I am, still his wife,’ she said.
    THERE IS MORE – – – –

    — –A TRUE –BLAH — –LOVE STORY♥ :>)

    THANK U —MR. GANTT –4 your SERVICE♥ — –

    — —-BLESS U MRS. Clara Gantt♥— 4 your DEMONSTRATION of —TRUE LOVE♥–:>)

  • rikyrah

    Mitch McConnell’s First Attempt to Soften His Obamacare Repeal Stance Is Highly Deceptive
    By Brian Beutler

    Now that Mitch McConnell’s emancipated himself from the exigencies of the Republican primary process, he’ll need to figure out how to square his primary-friendly view that Obamacare should be wiped off the books with the complicating fact that over 400,000 Kentuckians obtained insurance through the Affordable Care Act over the past several months.

    He just took a new line of obfuscation for a test drive. Assuming it’s been accurately characterized, it’s incredibly misleading.

    “McConnell told reporters Friday that the fate of the state exchange is unconnected to the federal health care law,” according to the Associated Press. “Yet the exchange would not exist, if not for the law that created it.”


    But here’s the hidden ball: If McConnell successfully wipes Obamacare off the books next year (which he won’t), Kynect might not go away. But the Medicaid expansion will. And the private insurance subsidies will. And the rules allowing and requiring uninsured people of all health statuses to become customers will, too. Insurance carriers will follow. Or else they’ll replace the plans they currently offer with much less generous ones. And hundreds of thousands of people will lose their coverage anyhow.


  • GreenLadyHere


    ——☺@NerdyWonka[THANK U♥]
    First Lady Michelle Obama and Dr. Jill Biden stand with children of fallen service members. #MemorialDay pic.twitter.com/dRs0SLcNng

    – —Sooo COMPASSIONATE♥ –THEY R the BEST!♥ :>) – –

  • rikyrah
  • rikyrah
  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥—–DATA/STATS – –RE: – –WOMEN – -B CAUTIOUS – –
    – —Eight facts about violence against women everyone should know– –
    – — —There’s no universal experience in violence against women; each case is
    different and unacceptable on its own. There are, however, statistics
    and trends that show us the state of violence against women in the
    United States right now.

    THERE IS MORE — —Annnnd some POSITIVITY @ the end.

  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥- – -A POWERFUL —TRIBUTE♥ — –

    – —-☺https://vine.co/v/Mw9e9wQgI52
    – – – –THANK U 4 Your SERVICE♥ —- AMEN♥ —

  • rikyrah

    Rev. Run’s Sunday Suppers?

    On the Cooking Channel….beginning June 8th

    Rev. Run never stops hustling.

  • rikyrah

    Republicans Have Created a Lottery Capitalism That’s Bad For Almost Everyone
    Posted on May 21, 2014 by Milt Shook

    If we teach voters nothing else this very important election year, it has to be that the Republican Party’s treatment of the economy has no positives for anyone except the very rich. I know calling the only people the GOP loves “the 1%” is convenient, but the reality is, the GOP probably cares about fewer than 10,000 people, all told, and certainly not 3 million, as “the 1%” implies.

    The number one problem with Republicans and the economy is, they don’t care about anything that benefits everyone. A truly healthy economy is one where everyone is on essentially equal footing, with an equal opportunity to generate the wealth needed to live freely and comfortably, as well as to create commerce on a level playing field. Unfortunately, the economy Republicans have created with their daft governmental reign is what can best be thought of as “lottery capitalism.” In this system, which Republicans call a “good economy,” everyone pays to be part of the system, but the only people who are rewarded are people who are lucky enough to win. Not only is there no reward for working as hard as possible; Republicans use every trick they can think of to penalize you for it. They like to pretend that hard work brings great riches, but the reality is, those who work the hardest in the economy they’ve created have the least chance of getting ahead.

    As the name implies, the problem with lottery capitalism is exactly what’s wrong with playing the lottery. In order for someone to win the huge $100 million jackpot, at least $200 million worth of losing tickets must also be purchased. The elements that make up a successful lottery simply don’t work in a nation’s economy. Put simply, while our economic system used to generate a constant flow of wealth that benefited everyone, it’s now rigged in such a way that only a relatively small number of people control most of the wealth, and a far smaller amount of wealth actually flows through the system. For most Americans, wealth has been stagnant for decades, with small increases in wealth and income having been more than offset by an inflation rate that we have come to accept as “normal” or even “low,” despite the fact that it’s actually quite debilitating for many.


  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥ – –Aaahhh –The INK SPOTS :>)- – -SANGIN’ a TRIBUTE. .

    – —-☺http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wEZr93yT8ME

    ——–The Ink Spots – This Is Worth Fighting For (A Tribute To African American Soldiers In WWII)
    – – – -THEY were a – –family – -MUST. :>) —THANK U♥ :>)

  • rikyrah
  • rikyrah
  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥ – – –REV. AL – – -ALWAYS- –In ACTION –Fightin’ –INJUSTICE♥ —

    – – —Sharpton Fights For Bronx Teen Pushed Through Window By NYPD Officer– –

    —–Appearing in public for the first time since allegedly being slammed through a window by a New York City police officer, 14-year-old Javier Payne and his family joined Rev. Al Sharpton on Saturday for a National Action Network rally and demanded justice, reports the New York Post.

    According to Payne’s family, the eighth-grader needed 50 stitches on his side and staples in his forehead.

    “All we can say is that nothing justifies these results,” Sharpton said.

    NOW I hope that this young man is gettin’ APPROPRIATE SERVICES —2 help him with —APPROPRIATE BEHAVIOR. —

  • goldenstar

    I do love Luvvie. She is on top of the topics and on point. What a gift.

    #YesAllWomen: What We Should Teach Boys

    The #YesAllWomen hashtag started on Twitter as a result of the 140-page manifesto of the Santa Barbara killer. It detailed his life, his plans and why he decided to go on a murder spree. A good amount of it was him being butthurt about women not wanting to have sex with him.

    Anywho, the powerful hashtag really created a space for women to talk about misogyny and how they’ve been affected by it, and has been going on for over 36 hours. Times like this is when Twitter is at its best.

    For me, some of the response to the manifesto was troubling and it just highlighted how women are taught how to avoid rape and how to avoid being taken advantage of but men aren’t given enough lessons on how not to rape. And how not to be predatory.


  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥- – –REMEMBERING these Young Girls —-
    – —Report: Nigerian Gov’t Called Off Deal To Release Kidnapped Girls From Boko Haram
    – – —The Nigerian government called off a deal to release the schoolgirls kidnapped by the militant group Boko Haram, according to a BBC report.
    They report that some of the girls were to be exchanged for Islamists currently being held in prison by Nigeria.

    A go-between went to Boko Haram’s lair earlier this month, and saw the girls who have been captured.

    It is unclear why Nigerian president Goodluck Jonathan chose to call off the plan.
    THERE IS MORE – – —

    – -YA KNOW – — –I wonder who is advising –that President???

    SOME of the girls??- -NO!! — -Annnd He talks 2 MUCH!- —
    Do like MR. PRESIDENT! —ACT —then ANNOUNCE your SUCCESS.!! —-***smh***

    —-PRAYING 4 the GIRLS♥/Families♥ –AMEN♥– –

    • Aquagranny911

      GLH, you know I said that SIL’s Auntie was in Nigeria to support the women in their efforts to #Bringbackourgirls. I’ve had a few emails from her & she is so pissed at Johnson, she is now calling him “Bloodfucker.” Auntie is a Lady & doesn’t swear like that unless really distressed. Johnson seems to be more a hindrance than a help with this from what I got from her.

      Also, the women think that some of the leaders in the BokoHocum want $$$ & more political clout rather than to keep the girls. They believe that the girls could be ransomed if they had enough cash which they are working on. Some are prepared to do their own negotiations independent of government if necessary.

      This is such a sad situation & you know that those girls have been raped & abused. Some are probably dead. It breaks the heart.

      • GreenLadyHere

        – –☺http://files.shroomery.org/files/06-19/709142654-waving-cactus.gif
        Good MEMORIAL DAY 2 U—Aquagranny911. ***BIG HUG**
        Thank U 4 the share. – – –OF COURSE it’s about the– “$$$$ annnd Political clout.”

        — -He annnd his EVIL/VILE MURDERS –$ell the DEAR ONES 2 those NASTY men —-annnnd then wanna –$sell them –2 the government – –as in RANSOM.- —


        —President jonathan has BEEN USELESS!! —He annnd the PEOPLE KNOW!!

        —-Somehow —I’m waitin’ 4 those 80 troops that we sent ova —2 B collecting — DATA such that —THEY R gon — -“TAKE HIM [BOZO] OUT!” —like OBL. :>)

        Good 2 C U Aquagranny. :>)—
        —–4 U/MR.AG/Family♥ – —
        With MUCH GRATITUDE♥ –:>)

  • GreenLadyHere

    Miranda♥ —Rassmussen – — -IZZAT-chu?? — – – -LOL

    – —Rasmussen: Sen. Merkley Leads GOPer Wehby By Double Digits – —

    —-Sen. Jeff Merkley (D-OR) leads Republican nominee Dr. Monica Wehby in the Oregon Senate race by double digits, according to the Republican-leaning pollster Rasmussen Reports.

    The Rasmussen survey released on Sunday found Merkley leading Wehby 47 percent to 37 percent among likely voters in Oregon. Five percent said they preferred another candidate, and 11 percent said they were undecided. The poll came less than a week after Wehby won the GOP nomination for Merkley’s Senate seat.

    Before election night, two police reports concerning Wehby surfaced. One report said that Wehby’s ex-boyfriend had accused her of stalking him. Another report also said that Wehby’s ex-husband accused her of ongoing harassment.
    —He voted 4 the —ACA; —A good thing. :>)

    His opponent — – -WHEW LAWD. :>)

    • rikyrah

      The GOP candidate is a STALKER.

      Been accused TWICE of it.

      She doesn’t take NO for an answer.

      • GreenLadyHere

        LOL rikyrah — – -YEP! — -2 EX’s – –AIN’T WRONG!! LOL- – –