October 24, 2014

Thursday Open Thread: Black Firsts, Inventors and Scientists

Continuing on with the theme…

“Changing The World …One Paper Ring at a time.” – Ruth J Miro

asirurh

Ruth J Miro was born in New York City and raised in the Bronx. She is the founder of RJ Miro, and the  inventor of personalized paper rings. Among her certificates and notable recognitions are included: Empire Who’s Who, Manchester Who’s Who, and Wall of Tolerance; for her “public stand against hate, injustice and intolerance, and those leading the way toward a more just America.”

As a successful African American entrepreneur, Miro believes in giving back to her community stating, “I would like to see more African American stores buying and selling African American products.” 

6700_47cf7d44c758c

 

Ruth Miro has been issued U.S. patent #6,113,298 for a paper ring and patent #6,764,100 for a stationery organizer.

 

220px-Rufus_Stokes_WWII

Rufus Stokes 

Rufus Stokes grew up in the rural South and attended public school in Alabama until he was 18 years old. On November 5, 1940, just before receiving his high school diploma, Rufus Stokes enlisted in the US Army at Fort Benning, Georgia in the Quartermaster Corps. In the Army, he attended a technical school where he received auto mechanic training. He was deployed in western Europe and served predominantly in the Rhineland campaign. Upon his discharge, he was decorated with an American Defense Service Medal, European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal, and Good Conduct Medal.


Rufus_Stokes_Patent

He later created a smaller domestic version and a larger mobile version of the air purification device to show its versatility. This device further reduced the ash emissions of the furnace and power plant smokestack emissions. Moreover, it was not limited by design and configuration, meaning that its efficiency remained excellent regardless of industrial or residential applications. This was not true of typical air pollution control technologies, such as electrostatic precipitators, bag houses, and wet scrubbers. Conversely, the larger the device that utilized these approaches, the more cumbersome and inefficient it became. The core of Dr. Stokes technology was a unique utilization of what he described as “the three Ts”: Temperature, Time and Turbulence. In his patent applications (U.S., U.K., Germany and Japan), he provided only data sufficient to obtain patent approval. Other critical processes involving variations of physics were not revealed, but nevertheless manifest in demonstrations to municipal, State and Federal officials and engineering firms such as A.T. Kearney. The ability of the APC-100 to convert particulate matter and toxic gases resulting from the burning of rubber tires and other combustibles to steam was a constant source of intrigue to those who witnessed its operation.

In 1982, Rufus Stokes was granted a doctor of science degree from Heed University in Hollywood, Florida on account of his scientific achievements. In 1985, he moved to Claremont, California where he died of mesothelioma, an asbestos-related disease in 1986. Ironically, his death coincided with his being brought in as a consultant to the Los Angeles Hyperian Waste Water Treatment facility.

Stokes’ inventions led to a direct improvement to air quality, but more importantly, brought attention to the idea that scientists could work to reduce pollution and harmful gases in the atmosphere. Notably, he has been honored with inclusion in the United States Department of Energy’s (DOE) list of “Energy Pioneers”, as well as being acknowledged in the technology white paper “Quantum Parallel”.

Many of his research and development papers, correspondence and diagrams are included in archival data donated to the University of Illinois at Chicago Library by publisher/graphic artist and military aviator Eugene Winslow, a long time friend and business colleague. They are accessible to researchers subsequent to appropriate inquiry.

 

Benefits of Rufus Stokes’ Invention

The system benefited the respiratory health of people, but also eased the health risks to plants and animals. A side-effect of reduced industrial stack emissions was the improved appearance and durability of buildings, cars, and objects exposed to outdoor pollution for lengthy periods.

Patents Issued to Rufus Stokes

  • #3,378,24 issued on 14/16/1968 for an exhaust purifier
  • #3,520,113 issued on 7/14/1970 for an air pollution control device 

 

***Information courtesy of Wikipedia.org and About.com***

m4s0n501
  • GreenLadyHere

    - – -GOOD MornTin/ PBOMB/POU FAM♥ – – -***BIG HUG*** :>)

    REAL FAST: – – Breaking News: Jobless claims rise to 368,000 in latest week versus 330,000 in prior week

    — —Jan 31 (Reuters) – U.S. Labor Department report of initial state jobless benefit claims, seasonally adjusted.

    Insured

    Unemployment Week Ended Initial Claims 4-Week Avg. Continued Claims rate (pct)

    01/26/13 368,000 352,000 N/A N/A

    01/19/13 330,000 351,750 3,197,000 2.5

    01/12/13 335,000 360,000 3,175,000-R 2.5

    01/05/13 375,000 366,750 3,228,000 2.5

    12/29/12 367,000 359,000 3,169,000 2.5

    12/22/12 363,000 360,000 3,236,000 2.5

    12/15/12 362,000 368,000 3,206,000 2.5

    12/08/12 344,000 381,500 3,238,000 2.5

    • http://oldhollywood.net/ woody45

      Something tells me that given the overall economic outlook this is actually a good thing.

  • http://pragmaticobotsunite.blogspot.com/ Sepia

    Mornin’ POU!

    The right wing blogs have another target: Sen. Robert Menendez

    Friend’s crisis lands Sen. Menendez in unfavorable spotlight
    By Matt Friedman/The Star-Ledger

    TRENTON — The allegations — anonymous and unsubstantiated — have dogged Sen. Robert Menendez for months.

    The claim, given voice mostly by right-wing and conservative bloggers, was that the Democrat from New Jersey had repeatedly flown to the Dominican Republic aboard the private jet of a wealthy supporter and engaged in trysts with prostitutes — at least one underage.

    Menendez vigorously denied the charges after allegations were published on a conservative website during his re-election campaign. But it came to light once again Wednesday, in the wake of a surprise FBI raid in Florida on the offices of Salomon Melgen — a high-profile Palm Beach ophthalmologist with major tax problems who has given tens of thousands of dollars to Menendez and other Democrats in recent years and has allowed the senator to charter his jet.

    While the FBI would not say what sparked the raid on Tuesday, the allegations of prostitutes and Menendez — who is set to take the reins of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee within the next several days — soon became a focal point in a story by the Miami Herald, which first reported the FBI’s visit to Melgen.

    MORE: http://www.nj.com/politics/index.ssf/2013/01/menendez_reimbursed_campaign_d.html#incart_m-rpt-1

    • Town

      Well, just ask Rush Limbaugh if he’s seen Menendez there. Problem solved.

      • http://pragmaticobotsunite.blogspot.com/ Sepia

        SHADE!

  • http://pragmaticobotsunite.blogspot.com/ Sepia

    Personal income posts biggest gain in eight years
    WASHINGTON | Thu Jan 31, 2013 8:37am EST

    (Reuters) – American incomes rose in December by the most in eight years, a positive sign for consumer spending that could help the economy sustain momentum early this year.

    Personal income for Americans rose 2.6 percent last month, the Commerce Department said on Thursday. That was the biggest increase since December 2004 and well above analysts’ expectations for a 0.8 percent gain.

    Personal income rose in November and December, the Commerce Department said, because of special dividends and accelerated bonuses to beat increases in taxes this year.

    MORE: http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/01/31/us-usa-economy-spending-idUSBRE90U0PO20130131

    • nellcote

      Where’s my “special dividends and accelerated bonuses”?

  • GreenLadyHere

    Good MornTin’ – – – -1 MO': – – – -:>) – –

    —-The AP on twitter – –
    – – — Consumer spending UP in December annnnd MODEST JOB gains in January. Good! :>) – – -

  • http://pragmaticobotsunite.blogspot.com/ Sepia

    Oh snap! The world is getting tired of Israel’s shenanigans…

    U.N. rights inquiry says Israel must remove settlers
    By Stephanie Nebehay

    GENEVA | Thu Jan 31, 2013 12:58pm GMT

    (Reuters) – U.N. human rights investigators called on Israel on Thursday to halt settlement expansion and withdraw all half a million Jewish settlers from the occupied West Bank, saying that its practices could be subject to prosecution as possible war crimes.

    A three-member U.N. panel said private companies should stop working in the settlements if their work adversely affected the human rights of Palestinians, and urged member states to ensure companies respected human rights.

    “Israel must cease settlement activities and provide adequate, prompt and effective remedy to the victims of violations of human rights,” Christine Chanet, a French judge who led the U.N. inquiry, told a news conference.

    The settlements contravened the Fourth Geneva Convention forbidding the transfer of civilian populations into occupied territory and could amount to war crimes that fall under the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court (ICC), the United Nations report said.

    MORE: http://uk.reuters.com/article/2013/01/31/uk-israel-palestinians-settlements-idUKBRE90U0E720130131

    • GreenLadyHere

      Good Thursday MornTin’ Sepia. ***BIG HUG*** :>) Have a good day. :>) – -

      • http://pragmaticobotsunite.blogspot.com/ Sepia

        Mornin’ GLH! You have a good day, too!

    • crazycanuck

      Let’s see what happens, because Israel thinks it can do whatever it pleases as long as it has the US backing, the UN be dammed. Now Israel is not going to remove the settlers,so the UN will have to back up their talk. Let’s see if they do

      • http://oldhollywood.net/ woody45

        I don’t see that happening.

        • crazycanuck

          Precisely, I don’t know why they make these ultimatums, when they know they will not back them up.

    • BoomerGal

      Amen to that!!

  • http://pragmaticobotsunite.blogspot.com/ Sepia

    R-Word For U.S. Economy in 2013 is Rebound Not Recession
    By Rich Miller – Jan 31, 2013 12:01 AM ET

    The “R” word that economists were using after yesterday’s news that U.S. gross domestic product contracted in the fourth quarter was rebound, not recession.

    The economy will bounce back in the current quarter after plunging defense spending and dwindling inventory growth swamped gains for consumers and businesses in the final three months of 2012, according to economists at JPMorgan Chase & Co., Bank of America Corp. and Morgan Stanley. Businesses probably will rebuild stockpiles while consumers and companies keep on spending.

    “It would be a mistake to view this drop in GDP — driven by temporary corrections in defense spending and inventories — as a possible harbinger of recession,” Nigel Gault, chief U.S. economist for IHS Global Insight in Lexington, Massachusetts, said in an e-mail. “We expect GDP growth to rebound to around 2 percent in the first quarter.”

    The expansion will stay on course thanks to a “mounting” housing recovery, a steadily improving job market and reviving demand for U.S. exports, said Mark Zandi, chief economist in West Chester, Pennsylvania, for Moody’s Analytics Inc. He sees GDP expanding 2.1 percent in 2013, after rising 2.2 percent last year.

    MORE: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-01-31/r-word-for-u-s-economy-in-2013-is-rebound-not-recession.html

  • GreenLadyHere

    PBOMB – –ANNOUNCIN’ – – -A PASSING: – – –

    – – -Last Andrews Sister Dead at 94 -[Patty was the lead singer] – –

    —– Patty Andrews, the last surviving member of the singing Andrews Sisters trio, died today at age 94. Their hits—including the rollicking “Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy of Company B” and the poignant “I Can Dream, Can’t I?”—captured the home-front spirit… More »

    FOND MEMORY: – – -My parents usta play their music annnd DANCE around the house. :>) – -THEY were GOOD! :>) – –

    – – -RIHEP. – – -THANK U 4 your music! :>) – –

    CONDOLENCES 2 FAMILY/FRIENDS/FANS – — ***raises hand** — AMEN. – –

    • http://oldhollywood.net/ woody45

      Patty, Maxine and Laverne. Patty sang lead and on more than a few cuts smoked it.

    • nellcote

  • creolechild

    Good morning POU.

    Dells Pledge $50 Million to Build Austin Medical School

    Michael Dell’s family foundation will provide $50 million for a medical school to be built in Austin, Texas, plus $10 million for health care in the city. The new Dell Medical School will be a partnership that includes the University of Texas, hospital group Seton Healthcare Family and Travis County, which encompasses Austin.[....]

    Dell, who dropped out of the state school in 1984 to start computer maker Dell Inc. (DELL), gave $38 million to help build a pediatric research center on the Austin campus in 2007, said Gary Susswein, a university spokesman. The Dell family foundation also provided $32 million for a children’s hospital in the city.

    [....] The university plans to start building the facility this year and enroll students by 2016, said Austin campus President Bill Powers. Voters in the county approved raising taxes by 5 cents per $100 of assessed property value in November, partly to fund the new medical school’s operations.[....]

    Read more: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-01-31/dells-pledge-50-million-to-build-austin-medical-school.html

    H/T David Mildenberg

  • GreenLadyHere

    PBOMB – – – -HEARING 2-DAY:—-

    ——–NOW Today: Hagel’s Hearing – –
    – – –President Obama’s Defense Secretary nominee Chuck Hagel finally gets his turn in the hot seat on Capitol Hill today. The former Nebraska Senator has been facing criticism from fellow republicans and lukewarm endorsement from democrats, long before he was officially tapped by the President. The controversy stems from a number of Hagel’s past remarks and policy positions, including his stance on the Iraq war, Israel and Iran, and the gay community. Hagel was selected despite the threat of a difficult nomination fight because of his military service and because he has the President’s ear . There are already signs the pendulum is swinging in Hagel’s favor. Some key democrats finally came out in favor of the former Senator, and Wednesday a republican senator crossed party lines to endorse Hagel. But before Thursday’s hearing even gets underway, at least one GOP member is threatening to put the nomination on hold. Will we see obstruction and theatrics? And will the former Senator be able to make his case on the Capitol Hill stage? We’ll explore those questions and more when we see you at noon ET on msnbc.

    – – – -WATCHIN’. . . . . .

  • creolechild

    As Sandy aid finally arrives, FEMA unveils new flood maps

    [....] The reassessment of risk to neighborhoods updates the existing, 30-year-old maps, adding some 35,000 new homes and businesses to at-risk areas. The maps will not formally go into effect for about two years, but the mayor’s office was already preparing an executive order to help owners of damaged homes rebuild to higher standards. That means that a badly damaged home that was not in the old flood zone, but is in the new one, would be allowed to rebuild to prepare for dangers predicted in the new maps.[....]

    To help offset the costs, [Michael] Byrne, of FEMA, said homeowners with federally backed insurance policies could get up to an additional $30,000 for rebuilding their homes to comply with new codes. Mr. Holloway said it was hoped that federal aid in the wake of the storm would include money to help homeowners better protect their homes.[....]

    Read more: http://grist.org/news/as-sandy-aid-finally-arrives-fema-unveils-new-flood-maps/

    H/T Philip Bump

  • creolechild

    Work continues toward single-payer system in Vermont

    The Green Mountain Care Board (GMCB), recently outlined its second year of work as it helps guide the state towards a publicly financed single payer healthcare system by 2017. In addition to regulating commercial insurance rates and community hospital budgets, the independent advisory board is overseeing several payment and delivery models for Medicare, Medicaid and commercial payers going into 2015, as some of the plans for the single-payer transition (including the health insurance exchange) are still being designed.[....]

    Read more: http://www.healthcarefinancenews.com/news/works-continues-toward-single-payer-system-vermont

    H/T Anthony Brino

  • rikyrah

    Good Morning, Everyone :)

  • GreenLadyHere

    PBOMB – – – – -ANOTHER WINNER! – – – -:>) – – –

    – – – -☻ –LUVIN’ the –“BLING RINGS”. :>) – -THIS: ENDEARING – –in — -“Da STRUGGLE”- -As a successful African American entrepreneur, Miro believes in giving back to her community stating, “I would like to see more African American stores buying and selling African American products.”

    — – -☻ – -PROUD of DR. RUFUS: – – -Notably, he has been honored with inclusion in the United States Department of Energy’s (DOE) list of “Energy Pioneers”, as well as being acknowledged in the technology white paper “Quantum Parallel”. – —
    — – – – -SADLY his INVENTION couldn’t save him from mesothelioma. –RIHEP – – – –

    THANK U annnd BLESS U – -PBOMB! — – Learnin’ a lot. :>) – -

  • rikyrah

    ThinkProgress: 5 Reasons To Be Optimistic The Republican Election-Rigging Plan Is Dead (And 3 Reasons It’s Not)

    Two weeks ago, Republican National Committee Chair Reince Priebus called upon “states that have been consistently blue that are fully controlled red” to consider a Republican plan to rig future presidential races……

    Six states potentially fit Priebus’ description of a blue state that is currently controlled by Republicans — Florida, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Wisconsin. To date, senior Republicans in four of these states have either voted down the plan or indicated that it will not be taken up in the first place, and the governor of a fifth state has expressed concerns about the plan…
    …………………………..

    So the Republican Plan is officially dead in one state and lacks the support of essential lawmakers in three states. Of the two states where it is decidedly still alive — Pennsylvania and Wisconsin — the top Republican in one of those states says he has concerns about the plan. Nevertheless, supporters of democracy should not break out the champagne yet because there are three reasons to be frightened that the plan could reemerge.

    The first is that the plan is still alive and well in Pennsylvania, which has voted for the Democratic presidential candidate in every single election for more than two decades. Both Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Corbett (R) and state Senate Majority Leader Dominic Pileggi (R) support rigging the Electoral College.

    The second is that a slightly modified verson of the plan could still reemerge in the states where it appears dead. Indeed, Pileggi already proposed modifying the plan in Pennsylvania to allocate electoral votes proportionally according to the total popular vote in the state, rather than by congressional district. This version of the election-rigging plan would award less electoral votes to Republicans, because it does not take advantage of gerrymandering, but it would still put a rule in place only in blue states, while leaving red states like Texas free to give all their electoral votes to the Republican candidate.

    http://thinkprogress.org/justice/2013/01/30/1514011/5-reasons-to-be-optimistic-the-republican-election-rigging-plan-is-dead-and-3-reasons-its-not/

  • creolechild

    Obama’s cautious foreign policy has proved right so far

    [....] Obama addresses foreign policy problems with a keen lawyer’s intellect and a cool pragmatic mindset. That may not please activists on either the left or right, but it may be the most rational approach for a superpower that is overstretched both fiscally and militarily. President Obama’s first administration was criticized by the media for its cautious and selective response to the so-called Arab Spring. [....] It may be hard for the President’s critics to admit that his caution was warranted, but the facts seem to prove he was right.

    No matter how many pictures of pitiful refugees and bloody government atrocities in Syria the American media may broadcast, the President seems determined to limit American involvement to marginal aid to the rebels and to Syria’s neighbors.[....] No matter how much the foreign policy and media community may plead for a more robust foreign policy, the president has American public opinion on his side. The nation – and apparently the Pentagon – has no appetite for more open-ended Middle East wars.[....]

    Read more: http://www.globalpost.com/dispatches/globalpost-blogs/commentary/obama-foreign-policy-political-risk-diplomacy

    H/T Tom Fenton

  • rikyrah

    Teen girl’s killing ignites widespread outrage: ‘Why did it have to be her’
    By Jennifer Delgado, Bridget Doyle and Jeremy GornerTribune reporters
    12:09 a.m. CST, January 31, 2013

    With outrage over Hadiya Pendleton’s slaying spreading from City Hall to the White House, the 15-year-old became a symbol Wednesday of escalating violence in Chicago while fueling the national debate over guns and crime.

    A little more than a week after performing with the King College Prep band in Washington during President Barack Obama’s inauguration festivities, Hadiya was fatally shot Tuesday afternoon in a park about a mile north of Obama’s Kenwood home. Two other teens were wounded.

    At a White House press briefing Wednesday, Obama spokesman Jay Carney was asked about Hadiya’s death. “It’s a terrible tragedy any time a young person is struck down with so much of their life ahead of them, and we see it far too often,” he said.

    Hadiya’s slaying also came up in an interview Obama did with Telemundo. The president was asked whether the example of Chicago, with strict gun control laws, gave credence to the National Rifle Association’s position that more gun laws don’t necessary mean less gun violence.

    “Well, the problem is that a huge proportion of those guns come in from outside Chicago,” Obama said. The president said it was true that creating a “bunch of pockets of gun laws” without a unified, integrated system of background checks makes it harder for a single community to protect itself from gun violence.

    ………………………………………………………………….

    Hadiya was the 42nd homicide victim this year in Chicago, where killings last year climbed above 500. Mayor Rahm Emanuel spoke with Hadiya’s mother Wednesday morning and later, at an unrelated news conference, said the teenager represented “what is best in our city.”

    “A child going to school, who takes a final exam, who had just been to inaugural,” said Emanuel, looking down at the podium for several seconds to collect himself before continuing. “And I think if anybody has any information, you are not a snitch, you’re a citizen. You’re a good citizen in good standing if you help.”

    Hadiya’s father, Nathaniel Pendleton, pleaded for someone to step forward and bring the 15-year-old’s killer to justice.

    “She was destined for great things,” he said.

    Hadiya was a majorette with the band at King, one of the city’s elite selective-enrollment schools. She dreamed of going to Northwestern University and talked about becoming a pharmacist or a journalist, maybe a lawyer.

    http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/chi-hadiya-pendleton-20130130,0,3581598.story

    • crazycanuck

      Such a sad story. She had so much ahead of her.

  • creolechild

    Harvard-Bound: NFL Union Chief Domonique Foxworth

    [....] Bloomberg News reported today that Foxworth, 29, has been accepted at Harvard and has spent the past year preparing by taking classes at Loyola University Maryland in economics, statistics, and operations. He says he was planning to attend business school when he announced his retirement in May, two months after the Ravens released him.

    Foxworth was a third-round pick in the 2005 NFL draft and played for the Denver Broncos and Atlanta Falcons before signing a four-year, $28 million deal with the Ravens in 2009. He missed the entire 2010 season due to a torn ACL and played only two games in 2011 before being placed on the injured reserve list. He’s one year into a two-year term as players’ union president, which means that when September rolls around he’ll have to juggle B-school and the demands of a full-time job for about six months.[....]

    Read more: http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-01-30/harvard-bound-nfl-union-chief-domonique-foxworth#r=nav-fs

    H/T Louis Lavelle

  • goldenstar

    I’m trying to find a retailer which sells these personalized paper rings. Can’t find the product online. Anybody else try this?

    • http://pragmaticobotsunite.blogspot.com/ Sepia

      Here’s her website: http://www.rjmiro.com/

      • goldenstar

        Thanks so much!

    • GreenLadyHere

      Good Thursday GOLDenstar. ***BIG HUG*** :>) – – –

      — –FOUND THIS: – – -SHOP! – – -LEARN! annnd NETWORK. – —

      – -Hope this helps. :>) Good 2 C U GOLDenstar. :>) – -

      • goldenstar

        Thanks, GLH!!!

        • GreenLadyHere

          GOLDenstar: – – – -My pleasure. :>) – –

  • goldenstar

    Jake Tapper is on CNN? CNN is busy raiding ABC’s pantry…

    • nellcote

      It’s musical chairs time in DC. Fox’s Major Garrett went to CBS, as did NBC’s Norah O’Donnell.

      • jds09

        As the saying goes…re-arranging the deck chairs on the Titanic. lol

  • GreenLadyHere

    PBOMB – – — – — MR. PRESIDENT -is —ON DA MOVE — FORWARD – –>- – – Woo! Hoo! —

    – — –☻ —President Obama: Get immigration reform done by summer- —

    – – – – – -President Barack Obama hopes to see Congress to pass a major immigration reform bill by early summer, he said Wednesday, as he blamed resistance on Capitol Hill for the failure to get the reforms done during his first term.

    “I’m not a king,” he told Telemundo, as he followed up on his Tuesday trip to Las Vegas to unveil his proposals for reform with interviews with Spanish-language television networks. “You know, my job as the head of the executive branch ultimately is to carry out the law. And, you know, when it comes to enforcement of our immigration laws we’ve got some discretion. We can prioritize what we do. But we can’t simply ignore the law.”
    THERE IS MORE – — – -DEFINITELY – –WATCHIN’. . . . . :>) – –

    – — -☻ –Obama: Diversity of staff ‘one of my highest priorities’ – –
    ——– -President Obama sees bringing a diverse set of staffers into his administration as a key part of his legacy, he said Wednesday.
    “One of my highest priorities as an administration, particularly in my second term, because now I’m thinking about legacy, is to make sure that we are identifying talent from every walk of life, from every ethnic group, so that the next president will see how big a pool there is of talent out there, that can serve and wants to serve in a presidential administration,” he said in an interview with Univision.

    “We’re going to redouble our efforts to recruit talented and gifted Latinos that come from every walk of life. It comes from academia, it comes from elected officials. It comes from foundations and non-for profits,” he said, adding a nod to his interviewer: “Maybe some will come from the media.”
    THERE IS MORE — – — –HE KEEPS HIS PROMISES! – — :>)

  • creolechild

    US court approves $4bn BP criminal penalty

    A US judge has approved an agreement for British oil giant BP PLC to plead guilty to manslaughter and other charges and pay a record $4bn in criminal penalties for the company’s role in the 2010 oil disaster in the Gulf of Mexico.[....] BP agreed in November to plead guilty to charges involving the deaths of 11 workers in the drilling rig explosion that started the spill and for lying to Congress about the size of the spill.[....]

    The deal doesn’t resolve the federal government’s civil claims against BP. The company could pay billions more in penalties for environmental damage.[....]

    BP separately agreed to a settlement with lawyers for Gulf Coast residents and businesses who claim the spill cost them money. BP estimates the deal with private attorneys will cost the company roughly $7.8bn. For the criminal settlement, BP agreed to pay nearly $1.3bn in fines.[....] The criminal settlement also includes payments of nearly $2.4bn to the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and $350m to the National Academy of Sciences.[....]

    Read more:http://www.aljazeera.com/news/americas/2013/01/201312920354252698.html

  • http://pragmaticobotsunite.blogspot.com/ Sepia

    Town, Monie and VA peeps…The article about VA Black Dems thinking about going along with VA GOP’s redistricting scheme reminds me of Rep. Corrine Brown doing the same thing in Florida in order to keep her seat: http://www.tampabay.com/news/politics/national/democrat-us-rep-corrine-brown-again-aligns-with-gop-in-florida/1169453

    I agree with Town. This is all about preserving their best interests.

    • Miranda

      We SO need term limits.

    • Town

      This new 6th black senate district includes PETERSBURG…and Roslyn Dance who represents Petersburg in the House of Delegates is all for this plan.

      Sounds like she fancies herself the new Senator representing Petersburg.

    • MonieTalks

      Indeed. Same ish, different state.

      Black folks in SE VA have far different needs than those in Central VA and vice versa. No good will come out of these redistricting schemes.

  • GreenLadyHere

    PBOMB – – – –FOCUS on “OUR GOLDEN GIRL” –“Air GABBY” – –:>) – –

    — -Gabby Douglas Donates Personal Items to Black History Museum – –
    —— – Olympian gymnast Gabby Douglas has given several personal items to celebrate African-American history, said the Grio.

    “Olympic gymnast Gabrielle is donating personal items to the Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American History and Culture. Douglas won Olympic gold at the age of 16 in the 2012 London games. She was the first African American woman to win gold in the individual all-around competition. The U.S. women’s team also won gold,” said the Grio. “The Virginia Beach, Va., native is giving the museum the leotard she wore during her first competitive season in 2003. She’s also giving the wrist tape and uneven bar grips she used in the 2012 Olympics, as well as her mother’s ticket to the games, personal photos and her Olympic credentials. The items go on display Friday at the National Museum of American History. The black history museum is slated to open in 2015.” – –

    – – —WONderful!!! – – — :>) SHE CONTINUES 2 B a – – -WINNER!! – -:>)

    BLESS U♥ – – -Dear “Air GABBY”. :>) – – -Hope 2 C them – – -1 day. :>) – –

  • http://pragmaticobotsunite.blogspot.com/ Sepia

    The CBC shill tried to play Captain Save-A-Alcee Hastings by tweeting POU RoRo’s softball interview with Hastings where he talks about the purging of voter rolls. In the interview, Hastings doesn’t mention Rick Scott at all thus proving our point:

    http://twitter.com/Crewof42/status/296827051166556160

    • Miranda

      He can curse the President but doesn’t even say Rick Scott’s name in an interview where he’s discussing the purging of voter rolls? And we’re supposed to take his anger with PBO seriously??

      Man GTFOHWTMFBS

      • http://pragmaticobotsunite.blogspot.com/ Sepia

        Oh, but she gets even more ridiculous. Look at this response:

        Lauren Victoria ‏@Crewof42
        @PragObots u focus on who said what rather than the substance + accuracy… is this true or false? –> http://t.co/c112BoMt @OfficialCBC

        Read the article. These mofos are mad because PBO’s campaign didn’t spend money with their Black newspaper buddies. That’s what this shit is about.

        • Miranda

          LOL! Rob Redding is the black Alex Jones. Mofo has a show that only comes on in the middle of the night on sporadic AM stations with a frequency not greater than the sound of my voice.
          _____________________

          What’s more, many listeners and readers of Redding News Review were shocked to learn just how white the White House has become under Obama.
          _________________________

          ROFLMAO…ok, Rob! ALL OF THEM huh??

  • creolechild

    Deadly Tornado Batters District of GOP Congressman Who Opposed Sandy Aid

    Tornadoes ripped through Adairsville, Georgia (northwest of Atlanta) today, killing at least one person according to authorities and leaving major damage behind. The violent storm forced officials to shut down a 10-mile stretch of I-75. Sadly, the Republican Congressman who currently represents that district, Phil Gingrey, voted against Sandy aid as did the Republican who represented that district until recent redistricting, Robert Woodall (GA-7, Adairsville).[....]

    [....] Let us hope that both Gingrey and Woodall have a rethink now that it’s their district that might need federal aid. It is obviously too much to ask of certain Republicans that they exercise compassion for others; the most we can hope for is that when disaster hits them, they are bright enough to put two and two together.[....]

    Read more: http://www.politicususa.com/deadly-tornado-batters-district-gop-congressman-opposed-sandy-aid.html

    H/T Sarah Jones

    UPDATE: Due to redistricting, the 7th district has been changed. Adairsville may now be Republican Phil Gingrey’s district, who also voted no on aid to Sandy victims on Jan 15.

    • Admiral_Komack

      Bootstraps!
      Get yer bootstraps here!
      Lower the deficit; don’t take that evil gubermit money!

  • creolechild

    ‘Fundamentally Unfair’: How States Tax The Richest 1 Percent At Half The Rate Of The Poor

    The poorest Americans are subject to a tax rate at the state and local level that is twice as high as the tax rate paid by the wealthiest earners thanks to “fundamentally unfair” state tax laws, according to a new report from the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy (ITEP). Middle-class taxpayers also pay higher effective rates than the wealthy.

    When state, local, property, and sales taxes are taken into account, the poorest 20 percent of Americans pay an average effective tax rate of 11.1 percent, the report found. The middle 20 percent pays a 9.4 percent rate, while the rate for the top 1 percent is just 5.6 percent. The lack of progressive income taxes and an over-reliance on consumption taxes are the primary culprit, the report says.[....]

    Read more: http://thinkprogress.org/economy/2013/01/30/1514461/states-tax-rich-half-poor/

    H/T Travis Waldron

  • creolechild

    Confronting African-American Pessimism and “Negroidal Nihilism” in the Age of Obama

    Barack Obama takes the oath of office for the second time as president on Monday, January 21 on the 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation. Once again, a black man becomes the most powerful human being on the planet. Black children will continue to see someone who looks like them in charge, and many in the older generation will smile brighter and step livelier, thanking the Creator for allowing them to behold the closest thing they’ll see to the Promised Land. But there’s a generation in between – too young to remember the bloody Civil Rights battles of the 1960s, and too old to feel unadulterated hope. Some members of this African-American generation see Obama’s accomplishment through a veil of indifference. For them, feeling good about Obama is blocked by a Negroidal nihilism too high to get over; too low to get under.[....]

    After Obama’s reelection I speculated about the imminent return of the complaint chorus on both the Left and the Right. They are already tuning up the band of disappointment. In parallel, Eugene Holley Jr. offered up a nice complement to these questions of hope, dreaming, expectations–and yes, nihilism–relative to the Age of Obama in an essay which deserved more attention than it initially received several weeks ago. There he observed:[....] “While pessimism under unrelenting and brutal conditions is understandable, it ceases to be useful when we refuse to believe that better conditions are possible because believing it sets us up for disappointment. The presidency of Barack Obama becomes too much to process, and we shy away from the work of overhauling negative thinking. We shift into thinking that any kind of African-American advancement is a sham, a trick, a hustle; an unforgivable delusion unfit for those who keep it real.”

    The last sentence is so damn potent. Here is a provocative thought: is Cornel West (and other such Obama detractors) guilty, in an ironic fashion, of the same “black nihilism” he identified more than a decade ago in the book Black Popular Culture?

    Read more: http://wearerespectablenegroes.blogspot.com/2013/01/confronting-african-american-pessimism_30.html

    H/T Chauncey DeVega

    • GN

      Interesting article and food for thought!

      While pessimism under unrelenting and brutal conditions is understandable, it ceases to be useful when we refuse to believe that better conditions are possible because believing it sets us up for disappointment.

      Very wise.

      • conlakappa

        Negroidal Nihilism though? Feels like something I’d need a poultice for or at least a salve (Preparation NN?).

        • GN

          lol!

        • Admiral_Komack

          Doctor: You have a bad case of Negroidal Nihilism.
          A cure?
          Take your head out of your ass, and stay away from bean pies.

  • GreenLadyHere

    — -MEDIA ALERT: – — -HAGEL is TESTIFYING – -NOW. – -

    • nellcote

      And no surprise, McCain is being a TOTAL dick.

      • conlakappa

        ::checks calendar and sees that end the day ends in -y::

      • Admiral_Komack

        McCain is a pompous asshole.

      • Aquagranny911

        I had a really vulgar & nasty comment to add to yours but I think it’s too early for me to head to the Lounge.

  • crazycanuck

    From 14 degrees to this. Dam!

    • Alma98

      You sent it here didn’t you cc, we’re under a windchill advisory.

      • crazycanuck

        My evil plan is working.

        • Alma98

          LOL!

    • Miranda

      Wait….so for you 14 degrees is good?

      *will not complain about 38 degrees here today*

      • crazycanuck

        Celsius lol, that is about 58 degrees. It’s about -4 today and dipping as the day goes on. I’m so sick of winter.

  • GreenLadyHere

    PBOMB – — –UH! OH! – — -LOL – – —

    – – -Ronald Reagan’s Childhood Home To Be Bulldozed For Possible Future Home Of Obama Library — –
    — – —–President Ronald Reagan’s childhood home in Chicago is scheduled to be demolished. The University of Chicago recently purchased the property and announced that it intends to turn the property into a parking lot. According to a report in The Washington Times, that plot could soon be the parking lot for the future site of President Barack Obama’s presidential library. – — –
    – – –***whistlin’ annnnd walkin’ on by*** LOL

    • crazycanuck

      Hey GLH, Morning. I think Carney tweeted that the story wasn’t true.

      • goldenstar

        That may be why Chicagoans have never even heard of this. But as often as University Chicago removes black bodies en masse, it’s really really weird that folks even care…about a building…

      • Aquagranny911

        I saw his tweet. What I read is that the University of Chicago owns that apartment building, plans to demolish it for a parking lot. Also they are angling to get PBO’s library. So some bobble heads put 2+2 together and got 40.

    • nellcote

      This story is hilarious and desperate. Raygun lived in that apartment for 1 year when he was 3 years old! In later years when a reporter asked him what the address was, Raygun told him he didn’t remember because he was only 3 and he should go check the police blotters at the time because his father was a raging drunk and was always getting picked up.

    • Admiral_Komack

      Hey, Karma!
      Anytime you’re ready, swing that wrecking ball!

  • creolechild

    LOL! Somebody has some ‘splainin’ to do…

    News Corp. Countersues Heinz in Advertising Clash

    Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp and Heinz have sued each other in two different federal courts, a sign that an advertiser mutiny against News and its alleged monopolistic practices is spreading. Previously, News was sued by Dial Corp over similar allegations. Heinz has now joined that suit; and in turn been sued back by News. Two large drugstore chains, Rite Aid and Family Dollar, removed their business from News America Marketing, the News Corp unit that handles newspaper coupons and in-store marketing.[....]

    The suits all stem from a lengthy piece of previous litigation in which News was accused by competitors of using illegal monopolistic practices to keep prices artificially high for its advertisers. News settled those allegations – which came from competing coupon and in-store agencies – for $656 million.

    The 2011 settlement came after reams of negative information came out in court alleging News clients paid higher prices than they needed to for ads. Now, it seems, many of News’ clients are angry that they may have overpaid and want their money back. Other clients named in the 2011 litigation include Conagra, Pepsi, Smucker’s, Del Monte, Kraft, Coca-Cola, Clorox, Kimberly-Clark, GlaxoSmithKline, Novartis, Pfizer, Reckitt Benckiser, Quaker Oats, Church & Dwight, Unilever, Tyson, and Campbell’s Soup.[....]

    Read more: http://www.dailyfinance.com/2013/01/30/news-corp-heinz-advertising-suit/

    H/T Jim Edwards

    • Admiral_Komack

      I hope the Justice Department ketchup to News Corp.

  • GreenLadyHere

    PBOMB- —–***TEARS*** annnd –***SMILES*** – —

    – – –Newtown Children to Sing at Super Bowl – –

    ——–Twenty-six kids from Sandy Hook Elementary will sing America the Beautiful at the Superbowl on Sunday. This was announced by the NFL yesterday. The number 26 is the same number of children and adults who were slaughtered at Sandy Hook in December. Apparently an anonymous donor is paying their expenses.

    “It’s an honor,” said a local parent who did not wish to be identified.

    I imagine this will not go over well with those who support an extreme interpretation of the 2nd amendment, however even people who comment on a popular sports blog, Pro Football Talk, where one can usually find mostly conservative comments whenever politics rears its head there, are generally supportive.

    – – I saw a poll last night on the Rachel Maddow Show that 86% of NRA members support universal background checks, a position Wayne LaPierre yesterday at the Senate Hearing spoke adamantly, if somewhat uncomfortably, against. That’s 86% of NRA members. Support among the general public is even higher – 92%.
    THERE IS MORE.

    – – -BLESS THEM♥ – —CONDOLENCES 2 FAMILIES annnd FRIENDS – -AMEN.-

    • Admiral_Komack

      I read in USA Today that at one time Wayne LaPunkAss thought universal background checks were reasonable.

      President Obama is making the haters freak!

      • GreenLadyHere

        HEEY Admiral: ***BIG HUG*** :>)–

        – — ***fist bump**** – — -YEP. — GUESS HE HAS — DEVOLVED!- – — LOL- —-

        Good 2 c U Admiral. :>)

  • creolechild

    Thousands of Miners’ Benefits In Jeopardy As Patriot Coal Claims Bankruptcy

    On January 29, Patriot Coal Co. will begin Chapter 11 bankruptcy hearings in St. Louis, MO claiming that it’s become a “victim of the markets” and can no longer pay its debts. These “debts” include millions of dollars of retiree health benefits. If the company goes under, the benefits may go along with it. That’s why the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) is suing. Filed back in October, the lawsuit cites the Employee Retirement and Income Securities Act, which states that coal companies must provide health insurance for retired miners.

    However, the UMWA isn’t suing Patriot Coal. Most of the 10,000 workers in the class action lawsuit have never actually worked for Patriot. They actually put in their time (many with upwards of 30 years of service) with Peabody Energy Corp. and Arch Coal Inc. The UMWA contends that Peabody and Arch sold off the benefits to a company that was doomed to fail, therefore getting rid of the debt and leaving thousands without health insurance.[....]

    Read more: http://www.desmogblog.com/2013/01/18/thousands-miners-benefits-jeopardy-patriot-coal-claims-bankruptcy

    H/T Laurel Whitney

    • nellcote

      I know there’s lots of competition but coal must be one of the most consistently corrupt industries out there.

  • GN

    I know that we talked about this yesterday too, but reading twitter and some of the reactions to Governor Patrick appointing Mo Cowan as Senator (rather than Barney Frank) is pretty much confirming everything which I’ve thought about emos/fauxgressives. See, Gov. Patrick was supposed to understand that “diversity” should mean everything other than black. He was supposed to bow to MoveOn and the self-promoting loudmouths at Adam Green’s organization with their demands for a Frank appointment.

    As Nathan noted yesterday, those who are complaining are pissed at seeing a black man appoint another black man to that seat without regard to what the professional left and other media hacks think. No other reason for there to be this level of shade thrown at a 5-month interim appointment. I can’t praise Gov. Patrick enough. Fauxgressives care about black people only insofar as we can be used to tear down other black people and force them to bend to emo demands, that much is more than clear to me.

    • crazycanuck

      Can’t stand them, they expected Governer Patrick to say ‘yes massa, I doose what u say’

      • jds09

        So true. They cannot imagine a world where they are not in charge. A pound of white privilege isn’t worth what it used to be worth. I’m so glad I’m alive to see it. May the meltdowns continue…

    • nellcote

      I didn’t know Adam Green was involved. Jeeze, I’d turn away from anything he supported too.

      • GN

        Yes indeed, and as USAToday noted, are “lukewarm” on the Cowan appointment:

        The Progressive Change Campaign Committee, a liberal group that helped launch Democrat Elizabeth Warren’s successful Senate bid last year, also sounded lukewarm to Cowan. PCCC had launched a petition drive urging the appointment of Frank, who may have turned off the governor with his openness about wanting to succeed John Kerry.

        “Massachusetts needs a senator who will work hand-in-hand with Elizabeth Warren to oppose any cuts to Medicare, Medicaid and Social Security benefits. We hope Sen. Cowan will be that strong senator, especially since his actions will reflect back on Governor Patrick,” said PCCC spokesman Matt Wall.

        http://www.usatoday.com/story/onpolitics/2013/01/31/cowan-senate-appointment-deval-patrick/1880163/

        Five-month interim appointment. All of these idiots can have the seat of seats. “his actions will reflect back on Governor Patrick”–STFU. What are they gonna do? Try to control Cowan by launching one of their pre-emptive smear campaigns against Governor Patrick? Can’t stand them.

        • Miranda

          The Progressive Change Campaign Committee, a liberal group that helped launch Democrat Elizabeth Warren’s successful Senate bid last year,
          _____________________

          oh they trying to take credit for her now huh?

          • conlakappa

            So outsiders who aren’t familiar with the State trying to determine what’s what in representing the State? Whatever.

          • GN

            They’re so full of shit they’re up to their eyeballs in it. Governor Patrick has more to do with Senator Warren’s election than Adam Green & Co., easily, yet I never see him grandstanding or acting the fool. No disrespect to Rep. Frank, but PCCC is on permanent side-eye status for me.

          • Kennymack1971

            So predictable. These fauxgressives make me ill.

          • GN

            Their biggest talent is self-promotion and fooling credulous people into thinking a shred to the safety net is coming down the pike. Remember all of their bullshit about the WH supposedly trying to torpedo Warren with respect to the Consumer Protection Bureau (rather than set her up for a successful run in MA)? Anytime they’re attached to something I give it a side-eye. I wish they hadn’t attached themselves to Senator Warren.

          • conlakappa

            And risking those for whom they claim credit being put in a bad light. They seem to act as wedges. If one is unaware of their history/what candidates stand for, the association could ultimately be detrimental to the politician.

          • GN

            Indeed; I’m actually glad that they showed their asses re: the Cowan appointment. Every single thing which I believe about fauxgressives and their uselessness to black people is confirmed right now.

          • MsKitty

            If nothing else, I gotta give Adam Green props for being a con man extraordinaire. He’s been stealing people’s money for years and they’re still none the wiser. Green is living proof that manufactured liberal outrage is a VERY lucrative gig.

          • conlakappa

            Hustlers will hustle and whore will whore. I think he’s a lot of column A and maybe a little of column B: who really pays people like him?

          • http://pragmaticobotsunite.blogspot.com/ Sepia

            I would love for Sen. Warren to come out and say her camp never saw a dime from PCCC.

  • http://pragmaticobotsunite.blogspot.com/ Sepia

    Chuck Hagel broke Twitter!

    • morphus

      LOL

    • Miranda

      problemwiththat ‏@problemwthat
      Which one of y’all broke Twitter? Got me text messaging my status updates like a crackhead…
      ____________________________

      I’ve been over here shaking! I swore to a friend that something was happening in the world and we were being left out! LOL

  • Alma98

    Good freezing morning all.

  • GreenLadyHere

    PBOMB – – – — – YA KNOW – – – -THESE – -EVIL/VILE – – -RACIST RE-THUCKERS!!! — —

    – -rmurray
    The Death Panels known as insurance companies are a lot closer to Hitler than Obamacare is. looks like you need to be a brain-dead zombie from the mid-70s to be elected by Republicans.

    – – –Here’s the site – — SAAAAAAA-LAP!! — –

    – – -Idaho Republican Compares Obamacare To The Holocaust– -TWISTED!!!

    • http://oldhollywood.net/ woody45

      She’ll sing a different tune when she gets that call from the hospital industry in Idaho. Obamacare means more customers and money which is why they and the rest of Big Medicine signed off on it in the first place.

      Nuxoll can talk all she wants just don’t mess with their windfall.

  • GreenLadyHere

    PBOMB – – – – —-2 Z: — -HOW ‘BOUT U – –DELAY THIS:- – — -SAAAAAAAAAAA-LAP with a – -BEATDOWN!! – —

    – – -Zimmerman wants to delay trial for Trayvon shooting case — –

    – – –‘CAUSE HE’S — -BEYOND GUILTY!! – –EVIL/VILE – – -RACIST MURDERER!! – – -geesh!!

    [Sorry gotta "bounce". - --MISSIN' U/CARRYIN' U --IN MY ♥] —B BLESSED 2-DAY. :>) – -

  • http://pragmaticobotsunite.blogspot.com/ Sepia

    Is anyone else getting an error message?

    • Alma98

      Haven’t got an error so far today, fangers crossed.

    • Ebogan63

      I got an ‘Error establishing a database connection” a few times when I tried to see the comments.

      • conlakappa

        As did I. I must say that Disqus does keep it interesting: no error message looks like another error message. This one had a huge font. Wait, is it because I said I felt old?!!!

      • Aquagranny911

        Me also.

    • vulcan_girl

      Yes, and server timeouts.

    • GreenLadyHere

      Sepia – – -Just got – -teh ERROR as I tried 2 sign on. :>) -FYI.

  • Alma98
  • Miranda

    So McCain is really tripping hard over the fact that he is looking at the man he said he would consider for HIS Sec of Defense, before Hagel had to tell him “dude….I’m with O”

    Josh Rogin ‏@joshrogin
    Shorter McCain: Friendship over, Hagel.

    • Alma98

      He really is a hateful jealous old man isn’t he.

      • MsKitty

        Sen. McCain is going to his grave knowing that in 50 years his entire existence will be reduced to a trivia question, and there’s nothing he can do about it. If your mind ain’t right to begin with, that realization ends up becoming an all-consuming bitterness.

        I would actually feel sorry for him if he wasn’t such a raging asshole.

        • Alma98

          ICAM!

        • Admiral_Komack

          Q: “Who lost to the black guy the first time around?”

          A: “John Mc Cain… you know, “that one”.

        • TyrenM

          Who picked the most ignorant, brain dead Vice-Presidential candidate in history…surpassing Dan Qualye?

          That One.

  • Miranda

    Washington Post Civil War Breaks Into Public View
    Conservative senator quotes conservative blogger. Old-school reporter fights back.

    Senator Jim Inhofe cited a blog post by conservative Washington Post bloggerJennifer Rubin during the confirmation hearing for Secretary of Defense nominee Chuck Hagel on Thursday, setting in motion a public argument on Twitter.
    Inhofe, who called Rubin a reporter, cited a blog post of her’s about Hagel. Shortly thereafter, Post reporter Rajiv Chandrasekaran took issue with Rubin’s work on Twitter, saying that Rubin “is NOT a WaPo reporter.

    more here
    http://www.buzzfeed.com/rosiegray/washington-post-civil-war-breaks-into-public-view

    • MsKitty

      I believe that tweet is what they call “shots fired.”

      LOL

    • Alma98

      I couldn’t believe that ish, I hope this blows up in both their faces. Also the post needs to get rid of Rubin.

      • goldenstar

        But Rajiv is correct. The Post stated that Rubin is an opinion writer.

        • GN

          I think Alma may have been referring to Inhofe and Rubin re: hoping their foolishness blows up in their faces. Kudos to Rajiv for correcting the record.

    • BoomerGal

      Inhofe, McCain and that other little twit are ALL full of shit! They want this man to DENY and denounce what EVERYBODY knows.
      There IS a jewish lobby! I don’t give a damn WHAT you call it, israeli lobby, influence or whatever, it DOES EXIST not only on the hill but throughout the U.S.

  • conlakappa

    The White House is hosting a fireside chat on immigration today at 1:00 p.m. Eastern. Here’s the link: http://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/immigration?utm_source=email197&utm_medium=text2&utm_campaign=immigration

  • crazycanuck

    Boo Hoo, I don’t think I can eat these anymore. Stupid Lactose.

    • Miranda

      I love those cookies!

      • Aquagranny911

        Me too! Those little pretzel looking ones are the best.

        • crazycanuck

          They are my favorite, unfortunetely my stomach doesn’t agree anymore

        • GreenLadyHere

          Aquagranny911. ***BIG HUG*** :>)

          –***fist bump*** on the “pretzel-like” -ones!! :>) STR8 FAV!! :>) – –

          — — Dat’s IT. :>) WE RELATED!! LOL- —

          Good 2 C U AG. :>) —

  • Miranda

    Afternoon thread is up!

  • http://www.noriskinvestor.com/ Ryan Joe

    let me congratulate her on her success.this is just the beginning i think cause there are lot more to come.Tax Deed.

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